First Aid Programs are a necessary part of any workplace to address injuries and illnesses. Basic First Aid Programs include CPR training and quick response first aid basics. Other program elements include basic first aid intervention, basic adult CPR, and universal precautions for self-protection.
Your workplace First Aid Program should go further than the basics. Your program should cover specifics to the type of injuries that can occur on your work sites – shock, bleeding, poisoning, burns, temperature extremes, musculoskeletal injuries, bites and stings, medical emergencies, and confined spaces.
The first step to customizing your First Aid Program is to obtain and evaluate information about injuries, illnesses and fatalities at your work sites. Some helpful records to utilize for this include the OSHA 300 log, OSHA 301 forms, Workers’ Compensation insurance carrier reports, or other safety records you may have available to you through your workplace Safety & Health Management program.
It can also be helpful to review data on injuries, illnesses, and fatalities for your industry. This will help you in preparing for potential hazards that are common in your industry, but which you may not have encountered on your work sites yet.
Once you have compiled data on the injuries, illnesses and fatalities you should address with your First Aid Program, planning and training are imperative. Supplies for First Aid response should be made available in easily accessible locations. Employers are responsible for the type, amount, and maintenance of first aid supplies needed. The most thorough plans and supplies will not save lives without training your workers to respond in the appropriate manner.
Designating individuals with the skills necessary to undertake CPR and first aid responses will clearly outline responsibilities during an emergency. These individuals should receive thorough training, in all the areas determined essential to your plan, from certified staff for both CPR and first aid basics.
To help best prepare your workers in First Aid, obtain estimates on response times from local EMS and other rescue services. This will inform your trainers on how much first aid knowledge will be necessary to address emergency situations until professional help can arrive.
All First Aid Program policies and procedures should be written down, provided to your workers, and enforced by management. Be sure that all of your workers know the policies, including those that may not speak or read English. Your Program should be reviewed periodically to make sure it is in compliance with current first aid techniques and knowledge, as well as potential injuries and illnesses. Basic adult CPR retesting should occur every year and first aid skills and knowledge should be reviewed at least every three years. OSHA recommends training include hands-on aspects such as mannequins and partner practice.
A1 is a leading expert on the latest technology in life safety. Learn more about Safety Training courses here. To find out more information or to ask a question, click here or call us at 1-800-859-6198.
Health & Safety Training will increase safety awareness and provide safety skills to your employees so they can react appropriately during an emergency. Safety training courses include education on fire extinguisher use, first aid, CPR, bloodborne pathogens, communicable diseases, oxygen administration, and child abuse and neglect recognition.
You may think that your workplace does not need safety training. After all, you may work in a low-risk office environment – not around heavy equipment or with children. Accidents and medical emergencies can happen anywhere though. If your staff is not prepared to respond, these incidents can have tragic consequences.
There is a reason why fire extinguishers are required in all workplaces – fire hazards are present in all workplaces. Fire Extinguisher training will provide your employee with hands-on practice with a fire extinguisher. This training gives them both the knowledge and confidence to use an extinguisher should a fire occur at your workplace. If you have employees designated to use fire extinguishers during an emergency, they are required by OSHA to be trained in using them. If you do not have anyone designated, then your full staff must participate in fire extinguisher education (which is the training without hands-on practice). You can read more about these requirements here.
Other popular safety training courses include CPR and First Aid. The CPR class includes training in using an AED. Both of these life-saving techniques are valuable knowledge for any workplace. CPR training is available at various levels, from basic to medical professional, allowing you to select the best fit for your employees and environment. First Aid training covers the basics of responding to a medical emergency. Students learn skills such as how to treat bleeding, sprains, broken bones, shock, and other first aid emergencies.
Bloodborne Pathogens, Communicable Diseases, and Oxygen Administration are all Safety Training courses that are complementary to the first aid training. If your workplace has any safety hazards that could cause major injuries, such as a shop, large machinery, forklift, etc. then these courses are especially important for your employees. They are required for many healthcare and childcare institutions.
Child Abuse and Neglect Recognition is also training required for healthcare and childcare providers. While it may seem to be unrelated to traditional offices, protecting our children and learning skills to do so is beneficial for all communities.
The leading causes of worker deaths (excluding highway collisions) in the construction industry are falls, electrocution, struck by object, and caught-in/between. These “Fatal Four” are responsible for more than 60% of construction worker deaths in 2014.
Training employees, having an active safety management program, and taking safety precautions with your work site are all effective in decreasing injuries, illnesses and death. If an accident does occur, chances are you will be audited by OSHA to evaluate your safety methods and be penalized for anything that is out of compliance.
OSHA Inspectors can visit any worksite without warning. You need to be prepared to accommodate an inspection, including having someone selected and trained as the point of contact for the Inspector. This person should know where safety documents are located, and how to respond to any hazards that are pointed out during the walk-through as well as questions from the Inspector.
The best way to prepare for this possibility is to conduct an on-site audit of your facility to simulate an OSHA audit. Not only will this prepare your entire team and serve as training for the person selected to work with an OSHA Inspector, it is a good opportunity to identify and correct safety hazards that could occasion such an audit.
You should include general areas in your self-audit such as means of egress, medical and first aid supplies, fire protection equipment, all potential electrical hazards, material handling and storage, and powered platforms, man lifts, etc. In addition, you should review and asses any hazards particular to your company or industry. One benefit of having a partnering company perform your simulated OSHA audit is that they can walk you through the entire process – starting with the opening conference, reviewing documents, performing an actual site walk-through, and finishing with a review of the findings.
Your OSHA Inspector will take into account all the precautions you have in place to prevent accidents, including the extensiveness of your safety management program and employee training records. Being able to show OSHA that your company takes safety seriously, and works pro-actively to keep its employees safe, will only work in your favor.
In 2014, there were an average of more than 92 worker deaths every week – that’s 13 workers dying on the job every day. To help keep your company out of this statistic, make sure you are promoting safety as a part of your company’s culture and a priority in your workplace.
A thorough Safety Management program includes OSHA compliance, providing safety training for all employees, and inspecting and maintaining your Life Safety devices. The goal of this program is to keep your employees safe, your facility in compliance, and provide sleep insurance through risk mitigation.
Life Safety Inspections are required for safety devices such as sprinklers, fire alarms, pumps, fire extinguishers, kitchen suppression systems and much more. The law requires regular inspections of life safety devices as a precaution to ensure they will function properly during an emergency.
Safety training for your staff can cover topics including fire extinguisher training, CPR, and First Aid. Depending on your work environment, you may also need to train your staff on communicable diseases, child abuse and neglect recognition, or oxygen administration. Safety training, like a fire drill, prepares your staff to react appropriately during an emergency, potentially saving lives.
OSHA compliance in safety management includes having a personalized safety manual, providing ongoing safety program oversite and improvements, and providing training in accordance with OSHA standards. This branch of the program will minimize your risk should an OSHA audit occur. If you already have a comprehensive safety and health management program, you should perform a self-audit to evaluate the effectiveness of the program and determine areas that need to be improved. A comprehensive plan will include a company policy statement, safe operating procedures, facility safety inspections, comprehensive safety training manual, safety policies and procedures, OSHA compliance guidelines, management and employee safety training (OSHA 10 and 30 training), safety incentive program, record keeping, and program evaluations. You should also have an emergency plan and communicate regularly to your staff about the plans procedures and any updates.
While a Safety Management program is critical to your company, having a Safety Management staff member is not always feasible for small to mid-sized companies. Talk to your Life Safety Partner about working together on your Program. The importance of safety in your workplace cannot be underestimated. Make safety a priority to protect lives.
Workplace safety training is more than just fulfilling a legal obligation. Providing your employees with safety training gives them the knowledge and skills necessary to protect each other, their equipment and facilities. Most importantly, safety training prevents workplace injuries.
As an additional incentive to employers, providing workplace training can mitigate the expenses associated with an injury – such as fines and insurance rates, lost man-hours and loss of production. OSHA has increased the fines that will be levied against companies for safety violations. The maximum penalty for Serious and Other than Serious Violations is now $12,600, up from $7,000 before 2016. Willful and Repeat Violations have increased from $70,000 before 2016 to now $126,000.
Safety Planning & Training from Day 1
Employers have a responsibility under the law to provide an environment that is as safe as possible for employees and visitors. A detailed risk assessment of all work areas and processes is necessary, and all findings should be recorded. As an employer, you must address any significant risks identified during the assessment with plans designed to reduce these risks. You must record these measures and communicate them to employees, so they are aware of both the risks and the procedures for safer work.
It is important to include a safety orientation for new hires. In this way, you are bringing to their attention from their first day that safety is an important part of your company’s culture. A simple checklist should be used as the new employee is shown through the workplace to discuss site evacuation procedures, risks associated with the employee’s working environment and duties, fire precautions, accident and near-miss reporting procedures, personal protective equipment that may be required for their job, and any safety programs carried out by the employer.
Each industry and company will have their own, personalized list of safety items that new employees should be made aware of on their first day. A health and safety checklist should be compiled with particular job responsibilities in mind. It is important that new employees review this information and sign the document to acknowledge they understand the safety guidelines provided. Employers are responsible for training their workers on specific hazards of their job, as noted in many OSHA standards.
Continue Safety Training
After introductory training, hazard recognition training should be provided for all employees. This training consists of 10 and 30-hour courses which cover important OSHA regulations and hazard identification techniques for the construction or general industry.
The 10-hour training program is for entry-level workers. All outreach training covers an overview of the hazards a worker may encounter on a job site. Training emphasizes hazard identification, avoidance, control and prevention, not OSHA standards. Classes also provide an overview of workers’ rights and employer responsibilities. There is a 30-hour training program for supervisors intended to provide a greater depth and variety of information. OSHA training classes are hands-on and can be tailored to the specific needs of an industry or company.
While these courses are voluntary, OSHA recommends outreach courses as an orientation to occupational safety and health for workers. Some States, employers, unions, organizations or other jurisdictions require this training as they have seen the value of continued safety training in reducing injury and deaths in the workplace.
Training in the safe way for workers to do their jobs well is an investment that will pay back repeatedly in fewer injuries and illnesses, better morale, lower insurance premiums and more. It is a good idea to keep a record of all safety and health training. Documentation can also supply an answer to one of the first questions an incident investigator will ask: “Did the employee receive adequate training to do the job?”
Without early CPR and the use of an Automated External Defibrillator, only about 2.5% of sudden cardiac arrest victims survive. But the initiation of early CPR and AED use within minutes, can raise a victim’s chance of survival to almost 80%.
Sudden cardiac arrest can happen at any time, to anyone, of any age. When someone experiences sudden cardiac arrest (SCA), minutes count. A person in SCA is not breathing and their heart has stopped. You can immediately perform CPR to keep the person’s brain and heart alive while waiting for professional, medical help. In addition to performing CPR, using an AED (Automated External Defibrillator) can give the person the best possible chance to survive.
AEDs are small portable devices which can deliver an electric shock to a person’s heart. AEDs are easy to use, you simply turn it on and place the electrode pads on the individual as shown in images on the pads. The AED will monitor the individual’s heart rate and, if necessary, provide an electrical shock. This shock can help to stop abnormal electrical impulses in the heart and allow it to return to normal beating rhythm. This is fully automated, taking the responsibility away from the AED user. Because the AED is programmed to make this determination without user input, your employees can have confidence that utilizing the AED is the correct decision in a medical emergency.
What to look for when selecting an AED?
When selecting an AED for your office, make sure your AED is fully automated in determining and delivering an electric shock. Another feature you should look for is clear communication from the device, it is best when AEDs utilize audio communication for instructions and warning for when the victim is about to be given a shock. You should also ask about the compatibility of your AED electrodes with those utilized by EMTs. Selecting an AED that is compatible with professional AEDs allows professionals to disconnect your device, connect their own, and continue on with life-saving procedures.
Some AED providers can also offer AED cabinet monitoring. This allows an alert to be sent to management and first responders if your AED cabinet is opened – indicating that the AED is needed for an emergency and medical attention is needed. Get first responders on the way faster with offsite monitoring of your AED cabinet.
Once you have selected your AED, make sure to provide training for your staff so that they are comfortable using the device in an emergency. Click here for an overview of A1’s CPR & AED Training class.
A1 is a leading expert on the latest technology in life safety. To find out more information or to ask a question, click here or call us at 1-800-859-6198.
If the proper fire extinguisher is used correctly and promptly, more than 90% of fires are extinguishable.
Ask your employees where the nearest fire extinguisher is. Most informal polls have found that less than 25% of employees are able to locate the nearest fire extinguisher in their workplace from memory. If you could make sure you and your employees were prepared in the event of a fire, why wouldn’t you?
In addition to safety, companies that provide fire extinguisher training for their staff usually have a better insurance rating. If that’s not enough reason to hold fire extinguisher training for your workplace, check out the OSHA minimum requirement that employers provide their staff with the basic knowledge of how to use an extinguisher and the hazards of early stage fires. (Occupational Health and Safety Administration; 1910.157(g))
So, properly training your staff on fire safety keeps your employees and property safe, and keeps money in your pocket.
What to include in your workplace fire extinguisher training:
- Common fire hazards in the workplace include:
* Waste & Combustible material storage,
* Flammable liquids and vapors,
* Dust build-up in enclosed spaces with heat generating devices (think, Data Room),
* Objects that generate heat (such as electrical equipment and machinery) being left on for extended periods of time,
* Faulty electrical equipment,
* Overloading power sockets,
* Smoking (you think it won’t happen, but it did at A1 and it can at your workplace too!), and
* Human negligence.
- Selecting the proper fire extinguisher. Did you know there are different extinguishers for different areas – kitchen, data room, etc??
A – ordinary combustible; B – flammable or combustible liquids; C – electrical equipment; D – combustible metals; and K – cooking oils
- Where fire extinguishers should be located.
Check your workplace for the materials listed above and make sure the appropriate fire extinguisher is nearby. Dependent on the type of extinguisher, there is a specific distance it should be placed from the hazard: 75 ft. for ABC, as long as there is an extinguisher within 50 ft. of a B hazard; 50 ft for D; 30 ft for K.
- Review your fire escape plan in the event of a larger fire.
According to the Ohio Fire Code, your company should have a fire escape plan. If not, take a few minutes to write one down and ensure everyone knows how to respond in the event of an emergency. The Ohio Fire Code also specifies what information should be included in a company’s fire escape plan – be on the lookout for a future A1 blog on what to include (and maybe even a handy template!)
- How to use a fire extinguisher.
Fire extinguisher training will provide your employees, as well as yourself, with a basic knowledge of how fires start, how they grow, and how to use the proper fire extinguisher in order to reduce injury, risk, and loss in the workplace. Additionally, your company should have a properly outlined fire escape plan in the event of a larger fire that cannot be fought with extinguishers. By understanding these things, along with what fire hazards are in the workplace and where fire extinguishers are best positioned, your staff will feel confident to act accordingly in a stressful situation such as a fire.
A1 is a leading expert on the latest technology in life safety. To find out more information or to ask a question, click here or call us at 1-800-859-6198. Check out our Workplace Fire Extinguisher Training!